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Ebook A Treatise on Human Nature: Vol. 2 by David Hume read! Book Title: A Treatise on Human Nature: Vol. 2
The author of the book: David Hume
Edition: J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd. and E.P. Dutton & Co.Inc.
Date of issue: 1962
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 538 KB
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Reader ratings: 6.3
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Language: English

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Cette seconde partie du traité de la nature humaine de David Hume marque un tournant dans ma perception du philosophe anglais. Jusque là, j'avais eu tendance à regarder ses écrits comme une corruption des idées qui avaient été posées par John Locke, particulièrement du fait que son style d'avocat semblait se jouer de la rigueur et de la lenteur de son ainé. Mais je dois reconnaître que je me suis laissé abuser par mes préjugés, et que Hume déploie en fait une analyse pénétrante des conséquences de l'empirisme. Appliqué aux passions, il emploie beaucoup cette méthode qui a eu de si grand succès dans les sciences naturelles, à savoir l'expérience: ici, ce qui est frappant, c'est la variété des inventions qu'il déploie pour mettre au feu les hypothèses qu'il élabore pour comprendre l'influence des passions sur notre esprit. Au rebours de la vision traditionnelle regardant les passions comme des influences néfastes sur lesquelles notre raison doit poser un joug, il leur redonne leur véritable place. Définir Hume comme un sceptique, alors qu'il ne cesse de bâtir me semble très réducteur, le qualifier de dogmatique également.


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Ebook A Treatise on Human Nature: Vol. 2 read Online! David Hume (/ˈhjuːm/; 7 May 1711 NS (26 April 1711 OS) – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish historian, philosopher, economist, diplomat and essayist known today especially for his radical philosophical empiricism and scepticism.

In light of Hume's central role in the Scottish Enlightenment, and in the history of Western philosophy, Bryan Magee judged him as a philosopher "widely regarded as the greatest who has ever written in the English language." While Hume failed in his attempts to start a university career, he took part in various diplomatic and military missions of the time. He wrote The History of England which became a bestseller, and it became the standard history of England in its day.

His empirical approach places him with John Locke, George Berkeley, and a handful of others at the time as a British Empiricist.

Beginning with his A Treatise of Human Nature (1739), Hume strove to create a total naturalistic "science of man" that examined the psychological basis of human nature. In opposition to the rationalists who preceded him, most notably René Descartes, he concluded that desire rather than reason governed human behaviour. He also argued against the existence of innate ideas, concluding that humans have knowledge only of things they directly experience. He argued that inductive reasoning and therefore causality cannot be justified rationally. Our assumptions in favour of these result from custom and constant conjunction rather than logic. He concluded that humans have no actual conception of the self, only of a bundle of sensations associated with the self.

Hume's compatibilist theory of free will proved extremely influential on subsequent moral philosophy. He was also a sentimentalist who held that ethics are based on feelings rather than abstract moral principles, and expounded the is–ought problem.

Hume has proved extremely influential on subsequent western philosophy, especially on utilitarianism, logical positivism, William James, the philosophy of science, early analytic philosophy, cognitive philosophy, theology and other movements and thinkers. In addition, according to philosopher Jerry Fodor, Hume's Treatise is "the founding document of cognitive science". Hume engaged with contemporary intellectual luminaries such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, James Boswell, and Adam Smith (who acknowledged Hume's influence on his economics and political philosophy). Immanuel Kant credited Hume with awakening him from "dogmatic slumbers".


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